Hiv risk without ejaculation
The user’s original question was “Is there a possibility of infection when having unprotected sex with an HIV partner with an undetectable viral load? Is it safe to recommend unprotected sex in this case?
According to information from evidence summaries(1,2) and clinical practice guidelines(3-6) reviewed, early antiretroviral therapy is an effective strategy to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in discordant (HIV-negative) couples. If an undetectable viral load is achieved, the chances of transmission are minimal; although the total absence of risk cannot be assured. For this reason and for the prevention of other sexually transmitted diseases, the current recommendation in HIV-positive people without viral load is that, when having sex, they should do so with protection (condoms).
In addition to the fact that it is not yet possible to ensure a “zero” risk of infection when having unprotected sex with HIV-positive persons with an undetectable viral load, other arguments for recommending the use of condoms are as follows:
Likelihood of hiv infection in a single exposure
There are risky practices that increase the probability of contracting HIV. Knowing the result of the HIV test makes it possible to benefit as soon as possible from medical follow-up, access to effective treatment (if necessary) that improves quality of life, increases survival and allows the necessary measures to be taken to avoid transmission of the infection.
Rapid test” refers to the waiting time from blood collection to obtaining the test result. In this type of test, the time is reduced from one week, which is what it usually takes for the results to arrive, to approximately 20 minutes or even one minute.
Anal penetration always causes microinjuries (in the anus and penis) and poses a high risk of transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). HIV is present in both semen and blood, therefore HIV transmission can occur through the presence of blood without ejaculation. The risk of HIV infection exists for both the penetrator and the penetrated, although it is greater for the latter, and increases with the presence of genital lesions and other STIs.
Contagion ets without ejaculation
Many young people, when approaching the moment of having their first sexual relations, are afraid of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, so they tend to take extreme precautions, which are usually reduced, at least at first, to the use of condoms. When the love relationship has progressed a little further, they may consider the idea of using another contraceptive method or try not using a condom. This is when doubts may arise, such as “can I get an STD without having had sex”, i.e., by being a vigen. Unfortunately, this possibility does exist. If you want to know more, in this unCOMO article we will answer your doubt about whether you can have an STD being a virgin by telling you about some cases where this has happened.
STDs are sexually transmitted diseases, also called sexually transmitted infections, which means that they are infections and / or diseases that are spread during sexual intercourse.It is said that a sexually transmitted disease can only occur with unprotected penetration, but it is not so.Many STD infections occur due to misinformation, since not everyone knows that some STDs can also be transmitted by saliva or rubbing between genitals. In this other article you can see What are the most common sexually transmitted diseases.
Pre-seminal fluid can transmit HIV.
AIDS is an advanced stage of infection caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). When a person becomes infected, HIV gets into the cells of his or her immune system, especially the T4 lymphocytes, and slowly destroys them.
A person is considered to have AIDS when HIV has destroyed his or her immune system and what are called “opportunistic infections” appear. Recurrent pneumonia and tuberculosis are examples of opportunistic infections.
Only four body fluids have a sufficient concentration of HIV to transmit HIV: blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. This means that HIV can be transmitted by three routes: sexual, blood and from mother to baby.
There are currently different options for testing. You can go to a health center for a blood test, or you can take a rapid HIV test in some pharmacies and NGOs in the Basque Country.
A drug that definitively eliminates the virus has not yet been developed. On the other hand, although a lot of research is being carried out, there is no vaccine to prevent the infection.