Is autoimmune disease related to AIDS?

Is autoimmune disease related to AIDS?

Rheumatoid arthritis

Those that do not respond to standard treatment may need medications to suppress the immune system. They may also need physical therapy to relieve symptoms, prevent joint deformities and preserve function.

People with HIV who can afford and tolerate cART live longer. However, HIV-associated rheumatic diseases cause discomfort, muscle weakness and reduced function. Two ways for people with HIV to stay healthy, in addition to taking the appropriate medications, are to eat a balanced diet and exercise. If you experience joint pain or muscle weakness while taking HIV medications, reconsider your medications with your health care provider. Ask if any of them could be causing your symptoms and if it is possible to switch to another one.

HIV is a disease

In general, autoimmune diseases are common, affecting more than 23.5 million Americans. They are a leading cause of death and disability. Some autoimmune diseases are rare, while others, such as Hashimoto’s disease, affect many people.

The immune system attacks the hair follicles (the structures from which hair grows). Generally, it does not pose a health threat, but it can significantly affect a person’s appearance.

The immune system destroys red blood cells. The body cannot produce new red blood cells fast enough to meet its needs. As a result, the body does not get the oxygen it needs to function well and the heart must work harder to circulate oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.

Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME/CFS, and fibromyalgia (FM) are not autoimmune diseases. But they often have symptoms of an autoimmune disease, such as constant fatigue and pain.

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Antinuclear antibodies

Yung-Feng Yen and specialists from Kaohsiung Medical University (Taiwan), investigated the frequency of autoimmune events among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Taiwan during 2000 – 2012. A national database was used to identify PLWHA. Then, systemic and organ-specific autoimmune disease incidence densities were calculated, and age-, sex-, and period-adjusted standardized incidence rates (SIRs) were obtained. In addition, two million people from the general population were used as controls. Finally, to examine the effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), event SIRs were calculated after stratifying PLWHA by HAART status.

Lupus

The health care provider will perform a physical examination. The signs depend on the type of disease.Tests that may be done to diagnose an autoimmune disorder include:Treatment.

The goals of treatment are:Treatments will depend on the disease and its symptoms. Types of treatments include:  Many people take medications to reduce the abnormal immune system response. These are called immunosuppressive drugs. Examples include corticosteroids (such as prednisone) and non-steroidal drugs such as cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, mycophenolate, sirolimus or tacrolimus. Targeted drugs such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin blockers and inhibitors may be used to treat certain diseases. Outlook (Prognosis)

The prognosis depends on the disease. Most autoimmune diseases are chronic, but many can be controlled with treatment. Symptoms of autoimmune disorders may come and go. When symptoms get worse, it is called a flare-up.Possible Complications

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