Characteristics of political parties
It is essential in helping to structure political support for certain programs, socio-economic interests and values. It also interprets and defends the preferences of citizens, forms governments, and establishes political agreements in the legislative arena. This struggle was exported to America after independence, where the clashes between liberals and conservatives took on a new form.
This struggle was exported to America after independence, where the clashes between liberals and conservatives took on a different hue. With no monarchy or nobility to protect, there was still a Creole aristocracy that was wary of social changes and in Latin America the existence of the Catholic Church, which, allied with the conservatives, sought to maintain its privileges. This was confronted by liberals with avant-garde ideas who promoted the secularization of the state and fought against clerical privileges. With the exception of Costa Rica (dominated entirely by liberals and without a truly organized conservative party), the rest of Latin America saw bloody wars between liberals and conservatives for most of the 19th century and early 20th century.
Origin of political parties
These definitions that add other functions and objectives to the electoral dimension of political parties also bring with them some limitations. For example, it seems to be demanded that political parties -in order to be so- must be lasting in time and be stable organizations, but the truth is that there are parties of temporary, ephemeral or conjunctural existence. Furthermore, the requirement of having a government program is an element that until very recently seemed to be generalized as obligatory in contemporary democracies.
This is easy to understand because democracies are precisely a form of government characterized by the fact that their rules and procedures are based on an indispensable minimum of requirements at their origin, namelyxxiv:
The presence of political parties in a modern society is “a guarantee of the rule of democratic forms of government “xxvii and they have managed to build an institutional order that overrides other types of institutions and groups such as “monarchies, traditional elites, civil and military bureaucracies “xxviii. In this way, parties have been very important for the establishment and consolidation of democratic systems because they “base their very existence on the political consensus that such confrontation must always be resolved according to democratic rules of game, which, in any case, include electoral competition between parties “xxix.
Functions of political parties
The Federal Electoral Institute, through its Executive Directorate of Electoral Training and Civic Education, publishes the Cuadernos de Divulgación de la Cultura Democrática collection with the purpose of contributing to the understanding of democracy as a form of government and way of life. In response to an invitation from the Institute, leading academics in political and electoral matters have prepared these texts. Their broad mastery of the topics addressed provides interesting elements for the analysis and discussion of the process of permanent construction of democratic political culture. This collection aims to stimulate the consolidation of democratic practices and ideals in our country.
Political parties examples
The traditional political party is moribund. Can it reinvent itself in a way that keeps pace with the transformation of society, technology and personal identity? Paul Hilder draws on global democratic experimentation to present a vision of the political party for an era of “open politics.”
Since the beginning of mass democracy, parties have been the main intermediaries between people and power: the instrument by which people can believe that they determine their choices and that their vote counts. As the ladder on which leaders climb, parties are also the vehicles through which we intend to govern ourselves. But today they are disintegrating.
One of the great questions of our time is whether parties can really offer voters meaningful policy choices. But what they certainly do do is determine the pool of candidates who run in elections and who will be the future representatives and leaders. Two stereotypes immediately come to mind: the professional or machine politician who has been on committees all his or her life; and the celebrity politician: the Arnold Schwarzeneggers or Silvio Berlusconis. A third, more important category is that of those who are generally absent: the young, the women, the minorities, the hard-working professionals, the poor.