What are two judicial powers of the president?

What are two judicial powers of the president?

What is the role of the judiciary?

The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in the country. It is a collegiate body composed of 21 ministers. Its jurisdiction covers the entire national territory. It is responsible for the directive, correctional and economic superintendence of all the nation’s courts, except for the Constitutional Court, the Election Qualifying Court, the Regional Electoral Courts and the Military Courts.

Hierarchically, below the Supreme Court are the Courts of Appeals, which are distributed throughout the national territory. Depending on the respective Court of Appeals, the courts are located. There are civil, juvenile, family and labor courts. In criminal matters, there are the Oral Criminal Courts and the Guarantee Courts.

Who makes up the legislative branch

In political science and law, the executive power is one of the three primary powers and functions of the State. It is thus distinguished from the legislative branch, which approves or repeals laws, and from the judicial branch, which interprets, enforces or invalidates them.

The executive branch is responsible for the day-to-day management of the State, devises and executes laws and policies to be implemented; it represents the nation in its diplomatic relations; it supports the armed forces and sometimes advises on legislation.[1] In democratic states, the executive branch is regarded as the administrator and executor of the popular will which it represents and of which it must be the strongest guarantor.

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Switzerland and Bosnia and Herzegovina also have collegial systems for the function of head of state and government. In Switzerland, the Federal Council of Switzerland is composed of seven members, one of whom presides on a rotating basis. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a three-member collegial presidency.

Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branches

The Judicial Branch is organized and exercises its functions in accordance with the principles of unity and independence. The government of the Judicial Power corresponds to the General Council of the Judicial Power, in accordance with the Constitution and the provisions of this Organic Law. The General Council exercises its powers throughout the national territory.

One. Determination and modification of any judicial demarcations, without prejudice to the powers of the Autonomous Communities in this matter, recognized in Article one hundred and fifty-two of the Constitution and, where appropriate, in the respective Statutes.

Five. Draft laws on procedural matters or those affecting the constitution, organization, functioning and government of the Courts and Tribunals or the legal status of Judges and Magistrates.

The General Council of the Judiciary may issue Regulations on its organization and functioning, as well as on the system of personnel and services and other matters within its competence within the scope of this law. These Regulations, which must be approved by the Plenary of the General Council by a majority of three fifths of its members, shall be published in the “Official State Gazette” authorized by the President.

The three branches of government

The separation of powers or division of powers is a political principle in some forms of government, in which the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government are exercised by distinct, autonomous and independent organs of government. This is the fundamental quality that characterizes representative democracy.[1][2][1][2

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Montesquieu argued that “every man who has power is inclined to abuse it; he goes until he finds limits. In order that it may not be abused, it is necessary that, by the disposition of things, power restrains power.”[3] Thus, the surveillance of the three powers is entrusted to each other as each watches over, controls and restrains the excesses of the others to prevent, by its own ambition, any one of them from dominating over the others. It can be contrasted with the fusion of powers and separation of functions in parliamentary systems, where the executive and legislative powers are unified, because the legislature appoints the executive.