The preliminary convention for the establishment of an international civil aviation organization was drawn up by the International Civil Aviation Conference, held in Chicago from November 1 to December 7, 1944, which entered into force on April 4, 1947. A Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization was in operation from June 6, 1945 until ICAO was officially founded.
Fifty-two countries signed the Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, in Chicago, Illinois, on December 7, 1944. Under its terms, an Interim International Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) was to be established, which would in turn be replaced by a permanent organization when 26 countries ratified the Convention. Accordingly, PICAO became operational on June 6, 1945, replacing ICAN. The 26th country ratified the Convention on March 5, 1947 and, consequently, on April 4, 1947 PICAO was replaced by ICAO, which began operating on the same day. In October 1947, ICAO became an agency of the United Nations Organization linked to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC). In October 1947 ICAO became an agency of the United Nations Organization linked to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC).
ICAO is financially supported by the contributions of 193 national governments which, as signatory States to the Chicago Convention (1944), direct the Organization’s activities with the objective of fostering diplomatic channels and cooperation in air transport between them. The central function of the Organization is to maintain an administrative and specialized bureaucracy (the ICAO Secretariat) which facilitates
ICAO Secretariat) that facilitates such diplomatic interactions, and to investigate new air transport policy and standardization innovations in accordance with the mandate it receives from governments through the ICAO Secretariat.
As new priorities are raised by stakeholders, the ICAO Secretariat organizes expert groups, task forces, conferences and seminars to discuss their technical, political, socio-economic and other aspects. As a next step, it presents the best possible results and advice to governments so that they, in a collective and diplomatic process, can establish the new standards and recommended methods for international civil aviation.
What is oaci and its functions
It is paradoxical that aviation, despite its youth, is one of the fields of technical development in which most progress has been made in the shortest period of time. It is a means of transport that has been carrying passengers for barely a century, yet is currently the safest and most efficient.
The Paris Convention of 1919 (Convention for the Regulation of International Air Navigation) gave rise to the creation of the International Commission of Air Navigation and established some principles such as:
Within that meeting it was agreed to constitute a permanent body to continue the task of 1919, initially called the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), until April 4, 1947, when it was renamed the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), when the convention was endorsed by the Member States and entered into force. Its objective was, and is, “to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation and to promote the organization and development of international air transport”.
Regulating the oaci
establishing the criteria and procedure for the notification of disputes with respect to international standards adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization in the field of aviation safety
The Convention on International Civil Aviation, which was signed in Chicago on December 7, 1944 and regulates international air transport (hereinafter referred to as the “Chicago Convention”), entered into force on April 4, 1947. The Convention created the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
The Member States of the Union are Contracting Parties to the Chicago Convention and Contracting States of ICAO, while the Union has observer status in certain ICAO bodies.
Pursuant to Article 54 of the Chicago Convention, the ICAO Council may adopt international aviation standards (hereinafter “Standards”) and recommended practices and designate them as annexes to the Chicago Convention (hereinafter “ICAO Annexes”), in particular in the field of civil aviation safety.