# How do you use PE ratio to value? ## P/e meaning

There are stock market terms that every investor should know and the P/E is one of them. It is one of the most commonly used formulas for valuing a stock and you will usually see it in your broker’s reports.

The PER is calculated by dividing the market capitalization of a company by its net profit. If you want to know the price-earnings ratio of a particular stock, all you have to do is take the price per share as a reference point and divide it by the net profit per share.

As we have just seen, the PER can be misleading. That is why, when investing, it is essential to use more than one tool to help us make decisions and value companies, funds, or whatever instrument we want.

### P/e ratio interpretation

The price-to-earnings ratio or P/E ratio is a geometric ratio used in the fundamental analysis of companies, especially those listed on the stock exchange. Its value indicates how many times the annual net profit of a given company is being paid when buying a share of that company’s stock. A higher PER implies that investors are paying more for each unit of profit.

The P/E value is calculated by dividing the value of a company’s shares, as determined by the stock market (market capitalization), by the annual net profit after tax of the company concerned. In other words, a company’s P/E is calculated by dividing the price of each share by the EPS (earnings per share).

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If a company has a high P/E, it may mean that expectations for the stock are favorable and are anticipating future earnings growth. However, it can also mean that the share price is overvalued and therefore unlikely to rise further.

### Price-earnings ratio

One of the ways used to value stocks is the comparative analysis of ratios. One of the ratios most commonly used by investors is the price/earning or price/return (P/E) ratio. The ease of calculation and its simple interpretation have turned it into a reference for decision making. If the present return of the company is maintained in the future, this ratio shows the time in which the investment will be returned.

Figure 3 shows the annual returns on the Y-axis. Forward P/E ratios are shown on the X-axis. The chart shows where the market is at the moment, with very high forward P/E ratios whose average return is between 2.5% and 0%. This regression shows an R²=0.3274. In other words, the forward P/E ratio explains 32.74% of the stock return, in this study. The graph shows that if you wait for a lower P/E ratio you are more likely to have better returns.

### Forward p/e meaning

Investors and analysts use P/B ratios to determine the relative value of a company’s stock in an apples-to-apples comparison. It can also be used to compare a company to its own track record or to compare aggregate markets to each other or over time.

Analysts and investors examine the relationship between a company’s price and profitability when determining whether the stock price accurately represents projected earnings per share. The formula and calculation used for this P/B Ratio process is as follows.

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To determine the P/E value, simply divide the current stock price by the earnings per share (EPS). The current stock price (P) can be derived by plugging in a stock’s ticker symbol to any financial website, and while this particular value reflects what investors should currently pay for a stock, EPS is a slightly more nebulous figure.