What is Universal Jurisdiction
On September 11, 1973, the Armed Forces led by General Pinochet overthrew the leftist government of President Salvador Allende Gossens in a ruthlessly executed coup, as a result of which more than a thousand people died. President Allende shot himself after the Chilean Air Force bombed the presidential palace where he was resisting along with his personal bodyguards and a small group of advisors. The military junta, presided over by Pinochet, imposed a state of siege throughout the country and went on the hunt for members and sympathizers of the Allende government, especially members of the Socialist Party, the Communist Party and the far-left Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR).
The military tribunals since September 11, 1973, which meant that hundreds of political prisoners were likely to benefit. In practice, however, most of these prisoners had had their sentences commuted and were already in exile outside Chile. Although the amnesty law annulled their convictions, the government issued administrative decrees that indefinitely prevented their return. See Humberto Lagos Schuffeneger, “El derecho a vivir en la patria,” in Comisión Chilena de Derechos Humanos, Encuentro Internacional de Magistrados “Poder Judicial y Derechos Humanos,” Santiago, October 1987.
Penalty for having a double identity
The Penal Code demands several requirements for the existence of workplace harassment (art. 173 Penal Code): 1º) Hostile or humiliating acts. 2º) Reiterated conduct. 3º) Behavior associated with an employment or civil service relationship. 4º) Abuse of superiority. 5th) Seriousness of the facts. The sentence under review focuses on the scope of the notes of repetition and seriousness.
The Penal Code requires several requirements for workplace harassment to exist (art. 173 Penal Code): 1st) Hostile or humiliating acts. 2nd) Repeated conduct. 3rd) Behavior associated with a labor or civil service relationship. 4th) Abuse of superiority. 5th) Seriousness of the facts. The sentence examined stops within the scope of the reiteration note.
The study of STS-PE 45/2021 allows us to examine the scope of the criminalization of the conduct of harassment at work. It can be said that it does so from a very protective perspective with regard to the rights of the persons under investigation for acts that could be considered as harassment. It is, at the same time, a good opportunity to recall the profiles that this figure has for labor purposes, especially from the jurisprudence of the Fourth Chamber of the Supreme Court.
International crimes examples
The Government of Malta made a declaration under articles 21 and 22 of the United Nations Convention recognizing the competence of the Committee established under article 17.
Article 6 of the Constitution of Malta provides that if any law is inconsistent with the Constitution, the text of the Constitution shall prevail and the other law shall be deemed void to the extent of the inconsistency. Chapter IV of the Constitution of Malta defines the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual.
Without prejudice to liability for breach of any other law in respect of the use of force in the cases hereinafter mentioned, a person shall be deemed not to have been deprived of life in contravention of this article if that person dies as a result of the use of force, to an extent reasonably justified by the circumstances of the case, with a view to:
in execution of an order of court punishing any person for contempt of court or of an order of another court or tribunal or of a decision of the House of Representatives for contempt of the House or one of its members or for breach of its immunities;
The word has its roots in the Latin Hostis, hostes, which means “enemy” and extends to the conduct of the enemy, both in war and under the social restrictions that limit its open expression. To the Romance languages it passes directly from Latin, in the two forms of hostility and harassment. In French, harassing behavior is called harasser, perhaps by contamination with the idea of erosion, from the 14th century, already sanctioned in 1572, which means torment, annoyance, annoyance, trouble and later, from 1609, it was also referred to the condition of being exhausted, tired.  Of the French verb harasser we do have records for the first time in an American to the French translation of 1527 of Thucydides’ History of the war that took place between the Peloponnesians and the Athenians, both in the countries of the Greeks and Romans and the neighboring
gares, where the translator writes harceler harasser supposedly with the meaning of ‘to exhaust the enemy with repeated attacks’, and in the military song archer Franco Chanson du of 1562, in which he refers to the tea