Types of languages
It is estimated that more than 7 million Mexicans speak an indigenous language. Among the most common are: Nahuatl, Mayan, Tzeltal, Mixteco, Tsotsil, Zapoteco, Otomí, Totonaco, Chol and Mazateco. Languages such as Zapotec, Ku’ahl and Kiliwa, which belong to the 60% of the country’s languages that are close to disappearing, have a worse fate.
The Mexican Constitution speaks of pluriculturalism and there are increasing efforts to make it a reality, such as the creation of the National Institute of Indigenous Peoples (INPI). However, social and class differences continue to punish this part of the population in particular.
Each culture, each language, is a treasure to be preserved for all humanity. Without indigenous peoples, the challenge of a sustainable, diverse and peaceful world is a long way off. That is why, since 1996, we have been working to promote the development of many indigenous regions and communities in Mexico:
Radio is also a very powerful tool for preserving indigenous culture and language. That is why, in the municipality of Nealtican, in the State of Puebla, we use it to rescue and revitalize Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. This is a project where young people produce Internet radio programs to help spread Nahuatl in their communities.
How many languages exist and what they are
The most spoken language in the world is, of course, Mandarin, which is used by 873 million people as a first language, and another 178 million as a second language, so it is spoken by 1051 million people. The problem is that almost all speakers are concentrated… in China, so despite being the most widely spoken… it is not the most widespread.
It is striking that a traditionally widely used language, French, is 18th on the list, with some 64.8 million speakers, although the actual number of speakers rises to 115 million, including those who speak it as a second language, and can reach 500 million if we consider those who have significant knowledge of French. In 19th place is Italian, with 62 million speakers.
Most spoken languages in the world
Castilian is a Romance language that originated as a dialect in Cantabria and contains between 3,000 and 4,000 Arabic words. After its merger with the Kingdom of Castilla León, it became the official language of the state in the Middle Ages.
Galician has many similarities with Portuguese; both languages share the same origin. The vocabulary and grammar are very similar, but the pronunciation has developed differently.
Barcelona is home to 1.6 million people of some 175 nationalities, 20% of whom are foreign residents, which means that some 300 different languages are spoken in Barcelona.
How many languages are there in mexico
Currently, 96% of the world’s nearly 6,700 languages are spoken by only 3% of the world’s population. The vast majority of endangered languages are Indian languages. It is estimated that one Indian language disappears every two weeks.
It is important to emphasize that Indian languages are not only methods of communication, but also extensive and complex systems of knowledge. They are fundamental to the identity of Indian peoples, the preservation of their cultures and their perception and vision of the world, and are also an expression of self-determination.
The protection of a language can save it from extinction; an example of this is Záparo, the Amazonian language of Ecuador. Zápara once had 20,000 speakers in the 19th century; today it has only five. Recently, the Zápara culture and language have been declared intangible heritage of humanity in order to save the language from certain death.