Simple sentences for children
In sentences with subject-predicate structure, the subject exists, either expressed or omitted, while impersonal sentences have no subject. In these sentences, the verb appears in the 3rd person. Remember that we have already seen in the section on the subject this issue when we talked about the subject and sentences that lacked a subject in the previous section.
Predicative sentences are those in which the verbs are not copulative, but have a full semantic charge, i.e. they retain their full meaning. These sentences do not carry an attribute and can appear with other complements.
There is another type of passive sentence, called reflexive passive or passive with se, which is formed with a patient subject, a verb conjugated in active form and the pronoun se, often placed at the beginning of the sentence. Unlike periphrastic passives, reflexive passives usually do not have an agent complement. The party was held without incident.
We begin with a brief summary of the classification of simple sentences. There are 3 different types of simple sentences:Next, we are going to analyze each of these three types so that you can better understand their nature and characteristics.
As we mentioned in the previous point, there are 3 types of simple sentences and, one of them, is the one that is categorized taking into account the attitude of the speaker. In this sense, you should know that all these typologies exist:
We continue knowing the different types of simple sentences to, now, pay attention to the different typologies that there are depending on the nature of the Predicate. Here we leave you the classification so that you can learn how to detect them easily: Active predicative sentences Within the predicative sentences, we find the active sentences and that can be divided into the following subtypes:
We finish this lesson on the types of simple sentences to talk, now, about the classification that depends on the subject of the sentence. On the one hand, we have personal sentences, sentences that have their own definite subject; on the other hand, we have impersonal sentences, which do not have a specific subject. Impersonal sentences are the most complex and, therefore, they are classified into these 4 groups:
A criterion frequently used in traditional grammar is that simple sentences can be classified into personal and impersonal. This is obviously not a syntactic criterion but a secondary criterion of a semantic type, namely, the existence or not of an argument that can receive the interpretation of agent or experiencer. Another exaggerated assertion of traditional analysis is to suppose that every personal sentence consists of a subject SN and a predicate SV:
In addition to the above semantic-phonological criteria, traditional grammar distinguishes within the subjects of sentences several logical possibilities, also based on semantic criteria according to the thematic role received by the syntactic subject:
Although this is not always the case, see for example, certain types of verbs (I like ice cream, many people came here). In the other types of sentences (complementary syntagms) the order is often changed:
As we have already seen, the constituents of the sentence are the subject and the predicate. However, there are sentences that have no subject at all and this cannot be recovered by means of the verbal desinence. Thus, depending on the existence or not of the subject noun phrase, we can establish two different kinds of sentences:
Within transitive sentences, two special types of sentences should be distinguished: reflexive sentences and reciprocal sentences. In the former, the subject performs and receives the action of the verb, so that the referent of the subject and the complement coincide: Yo me echo crema. Reciprocal sentences are characterized by the fact that the verbal action is performed and received, mutually, by two or more subjects: The boxer and the karateka hit each other.
When we use language, we can express ourselves with different communicative intentions: to ask for something, to express a wish, to ask a question, etc. Therefore, depending on the subjective attitude of the sender towards the information he wants to convey and towards the receiver, it is possible to distinguish six different types of sentences.