How the horse is born
“Horse”, “Steed”, “Filly”, “Mare”, “Stud” and “Mares” redirect here. For other meanings see Horse (disambiguation), Filly (disambiguation), Foal (Artemis Fowl), Stud (disambiguation), River Mares, Ford Steed and Barrow.
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is a domesticated perissodactyl mammal of the Equidae family. It is a large herbivorous perissodactyl with a long arched neck and a long mane.
Most grazing animals are cloven-footed, that is, their feet end in two hoofed toes. The legs of horses, on the other hand, end in a single hoof. This trait, along with long, powerful legs, makes horses fast and tireless runners. They are perfectly adapted to live in open places, with no place to hide from danger.
The female horse is called a mare and the offspring, if they are males, colts or foals, and if they are females, fillies or fillies. The breeding and use of the horse by man is known as equine or horse husbandry, and its domestication dates back to 3600 B.C., in the region of Kazakhstan. In the region of Kazakhstan, the horse is known as the horse.
How long horses live
The use of horses by humans is called “equine husbandry” (also known as horse husbandry). The female of this species is called a mare; their offspring depending on gender: foals (males) and fillies (females).
Domestic horses are characterized by an elongated skull area, long and thick neck, long and shaggy tail, short ears and long legs. Their hind legs are in charge of helping them jump and giving them the impulse they need, while the front legs are the ones that receive all the weight at the moment of the fall.
Being herbivorous animals, horses feed mostly on grass, forage, hay and straw. In some cases, they also consume grains and derivatives, such as oats, corn or even bran.
When the animal eats, it is important that it does not ride or run. It is recommended that it rests for approximately one hour so that it can make the digestion process easier.
Man has been able to create a wide variety of horses from the main species, the Eocene Eohippus. Therefore, from the beginning, different types of breeds have been crossed to enhance the advantages and characteristics already existing.
Description of the horse for children
Among all the wild horses, we can establish a classification, which obeys or has as a criterion the origin of the same, and results in three different types: Maroon horses, semi-maroon horses and pure or true wild horses.
Maroon horses are those wild horses that come from domesticated horses. They are horses that were released into the wild, managed to adapt to it and began to reproduce.
Of all of them we highlight, on the one hand, the mustang horses, which are those that inhabit the American West, and that descend from the horses carried by the German conquerors, they also have a heritage of Arabian and Andalusian horses.
In reality, these horses are not wild horses as such, since they belong to a person who owns a cattle ranch. What happens is that they do not live on farms or in stables, but on large estates where they are kept in semi-freedom.
Unfortunately, purely wild horses, that is, those that have never been in contact with man or are descended from horses that have, no longer exist. However, it is worth mentioning that at one time they did exist.
Horses can be domesticated, those that man has been able to tame for different purposes are very useful in livestock or for sport, as well as in psychological and physical rehabilitation therapies (equine therapy) and for transportation in certain rural contexts. At the same time, there are horses that live in the wild.
Horses are animals that physically possess a large size. Their neck is characterized by being long, including bristles of significant length and an extremely elongated head with two erect ears. The tail is also notable for its length.
The height of a horse is measured from the withers to the ground and will vary according to the breed; some reach heights of 185 centimeters. The weight will also depend on the breed or variety, mostly ranging between 390 and 1,000 kilograms.
They are herbivores and feed on a wide variety of grasses and herbs. Horses need an adequate diet to avoid health problems, prevailing pathologies such as anemia or obesity, among others.