Why painting is an art?

Why painting is an art?

Types of art painting

The architect and theorist of classicism André Félibien, in the 17th century, in a prologue to the Conferences of the French Academy, made a hierarchy of genres of classical painting: “history, portrait, landscape, seascape, flowers and fruits”.

Painting is one of the oldest artistic expressions and one of the seven Beaux Arts. In aesthetics or art theory, painting is considered a universal category comprising all artistic creations made on surfaces. A category applicable to any technique or type of physical or material support, including ephemeral supports or techniques as well as digital supports or techniques.

Part of the history of painting in Eastern and Western art is dominated by religious art. Examples of this type of painting range from works of art depicting mythological figures in ceramics, to biblical scenes from the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, to scenes from the life of Buddha or other images of Eastern religious origin.

What is the art of painting

Painting is a means of communication that transmits ideas and reproduces thoughts through them. It is a form of visual expression where the different colors and shapes provoke feelings and emotions that lead us to interpret in a different way what they want to communicate.

In painting, the structure of the planes is achieved through colored masses. However, the technique is different: painting involves the application of pigments, generally by means of a brush, which are spread on a canvas, and drawing is the outlining on a surface, generally paper.

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The subject, of course, but also the objects, the symbols, the colors, the texture and -in short- the composition of the elements that make up the work. A painting usually evokes emotions before critical analysis, so let’s leave the emotional response for the end and look first at the “how it was done”.

Painting techniques can be divided into large groups depending on the medium in which the different painting materials are diluted: Watercolor. – When the binder is gum arabic and the vehicle is water.

History of painting

Painting is carried out with different elements, in general, through brushes and paintbrushes, but it can also be done using the human body or even almost any other object as an instrument or as part of the final work.

Among the pigments, the most common are watercolors, tempera, acrylics, pastels and oils, and painting is usually done on a surface with various textural and absorption characteristics such as a canvas, paper, a wall and others.

Throughout history, painting has evolved through various styles. From, for example, the prehistoric cave art that was carried out through the printing of pigments on surfaces such as stone or rocks, through the art of the Middle Ages, the scope of perspective in the Renaissance, to the avant-garde of the twentieth century and contemporary art with its representative currents and abstract currents that experimented with different components, characteristics and styles.

What is painting

The term rupestris derives from the Latin rupestris and means rock. Humans painted drawings of animals or stencils of their hands on cave walls. They used their fingers, flattened stones or feathers as tools to capture the dyes they obtained from nature, such as red from iron oxide or animal blood and black from manganese oxide or coal.

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Roman painting was of great influence for the Greeks, both for the walls decorated with mural painting with the fresco technique, as well as for the painting on crockery and ceramics. The Greeks were noted for their advances in the techniques of painting on ceramics.

With the connection of the old and the new world, new artistic movements, most of which emerged in Europe, spread throughout the world. For example, modernism from 1900, gothic painting from 1400, cubism from 1910, expressionism from 1914 and dadaism from 1916, among others.